Why is parental involvement a factor in Title 1 funding?Parental involvement is a crucial factor of Title 1 legislation. Schools receiving Title 1 funding must implement programs, activities, and procedures that include and promote parent involvement in school-related activities. Schools must also provide opportunities that encourage parents to increase their knowledge and skills as they relate to their child’s education. One of the objectives of these programs and activities is to help parents understand and show them how important their involvement is in shaping the lives of their children in becoming successful and productive contributors to our society.
What is Title I?
For school year 17-18 Neptune was designated as a Title I school. Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Act of 1965 as amended by the Improving America's Schools Act of 1994 provides supplemental educational services to school students to assist those children in acquiring the knowledge and skills necessary to meet challenging student performance standards.Title 1 is the largest federal aid program for public schools in the United States. Today, Title 1 is part of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) but originated from the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) as part of President Lyndon B. Johnson’s “War on Poverty”. This landmark educational bill, passed during Johnson’s “Great Society”, changed the funding of school districts from a local level to a national responsibility. Title 1 provides federal funds to schools with high percentages of low-income students. These funds pay for extra educational services to help atrisk students achieve and succeed regardless of any disadvantages through no fault of their own.Title I is a federal entitlement program that gives funds to schools in need based on student enrollment, the free and reduced lunch percentage for each school, and other informative data. The US Department of Education distributes Title 1 funds to State Departments of Education that, in turn, distribute the funds to individual school districts. Each school district divides its funding among qualifying schools based on their numbers of low-income children.How is a Title 1 school different from a school not receiving funds?In a Title 1 school, teachers, administrators, and all other school staff work together to:
- Identify students most in need of educational help (regardless of family income)
- Measure student progress using their state’s educational standards
- Set goals for student improvement
- Implement research-based instructional programs that support and supplement regular classroom instruction
- Improve professional knowledge and skills through continuing education and intense professional development
- Hire additional teachers and support staff
- Involve parents in every aspect of the school’s Title 1 program